The Nonument Database is an online archive of the ongoing multidisciplinary research of twentieth-century built spaces. Rather than a glorified collection of obscurities and architectural styles, this database hopes to become a device for better understanding the impact of governmental changes to the uses of public space, the way we comprehend space and architecture, and the role the politics of space play in the creation of dominant narratives.

Our research methodology is multi-faceted: apart from classical methods, such as browsing archives, consulting written documents and on-site analysis, our researchers conduct interviews with members of the community to better understand their relationship to the Nonument in question. Each Nonument also has an oral histories archive, a collection of personal anecdotes, stories and memories, which traces the history (and present state) of twentieth-century architecture, public spaces and monuments and oftentimes testify about their inherent tensions.

Nonuments in the database are arranged by country, decade and type.

Type

  • Building
  • Infrastructure
  • Monument
  • Public Space
  • Tower
  • Town

Decade

  • 1700
  • 1850
  • 1870s
  • 1890s
  • 1900s
  • 1910s
  • 1920s
  • 1930s
  • 1940s
  • 1950s
  • 1960s
  • 1970s
  • 1980s
  • 1990s

Country

  • Austria
  • Bulgaria
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Serbia
  • Slovenia
  • USA

Aluminium Tower

Building | 1982 | Nicosia, Cyprus

Am Schöpfwerk Church

Building | 1981 | Vienna, Austria

Anschluss Monument

Monument | 1939 | Oberschützen, Austria

Apostle Varnavas and Saint Makarios Church

Building | 1970 | Nicosia, Cyprus

Bandabuliya

Infrastructure | 1932 | Nicosia, Cyprus

Berengaria Hotel

Building | 1929 | Prodromos, Cyprus

Bežigrad Stadium

Infrastructure | 1935 | Ljubljana, Slovenia

Bloudek Ski Jump

Infrastructure | 1954 | Ljubljana, Slovenia

Building of the Ikarus Company

Building | 1939 | Belgrade, Serbia

Bundesamtsgebäude Erdberg

Building | 1987 | Vienna, Austria

Carob Warehouse Limassol

Building | 1961 | Limassol, Cyprus

Church of the Holy Trinity

Building | 1976 | Vienna, Austria

Cultural Centre Repre

Infrastructure | 1984 | Most, Czech Republic

Cyprus Petroleum Refinery Limited

Infrastructure | 1969 | Larnaca, Cyprus

Dianelleios Technical School

Building | 1700 | Larnaca, Cyprus

Dimitrovgrad

MonumentTown | 1947 | Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria

Fields in Block 30

Public Space | 1975 | Belgrade, Serbia

First Non-Aligned Movement Summit Monument

Monument | 1961 | Belgrade, Serbia

Franz-Josefs-Bahnhof

Infrastructure | 1978 | Vienna, Austria

Funeral hall Brno-Židenice

Building | 1983 | Brno, Czech Republic

G-Tower Arenbergpark (Gefechtsturm Arenbergpark)

InfrastructureTower | 1944 | Vienna, Austria

G-Tower Augarten

Infrastructure | 1944 | Vienna, Austria

G-Tower Stiftskaserne (Gefechtsturm Stiftskaserne)

InfrastructureTower | 1944 | Vienna, Austria

Georg Weifert Brewery

Building | 1857 | Pančevo, Serbia

Internationales Pressezentrum

Building | 1970 | Vienna, Austria

Iriški Venac Tower

Infrastructure | 1975 | Iriški Venac, Serbia

Jalta Palace

Building | 1929 | Brno, Czech Republic

Karadjordjeva street

Public Space | 1895 | Belgrade, Serbia

Kinetic sculpture The Meteorological satellite

Monument | 1978 | Česká Lípa, Czech Republic

Kulturzentrum Mattersburg

Building | 1976 | Mattersburg, Austria

L-Tower Arenbergpark (Leitturm Arenbergpark)

InfrastructureTower | 1944 | Vienna, Austria

L-Tower Augarten (Leitturm Augarten)

InfrastructureTower | 1944 | Vienna, Austria

L-Tower Esterhazypark (Leitturm Esterhazypark)

InfrastructureTower | 1944 | Vienna, Austria

Little Market at Kidričeva Street*

Public Space | 1958 | Maribor, Slovenia

Ljubljana Pioneer Railway

Infrastructure | 1948 | Ljubljana, Slovenia

Mausoleum of Georgi Dimitrov

Monument | 1949 | Sofia, Bulgaria

McKeldin Square Fountain

Public Space | 1982 | Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Melkonian Educational Institute

Infrastructure | 1926 | Nicosia (Aglandjia), Cyprus

Memorial Complex Antonivanovtsi

Monument | 1975 | Vacha dam, Bulgaria

Memorial to Brotherhood

Monument | 1982 | Pleven, Bulgaria

Mladinska Knjiga Printing House

Building | 1966 | Ljubljana, Slovenia

Modern Theatre

Building | 1908 | Sofia, Bulgaria

Monument of the Bulgarian-Soviet Friendship

Monument | 1979 | Varna, Bulgaria

Monument to 1300 Years of Bulgaria

Monument | 1981 | Sofia, Bulgaria

Monument to Mitko Palauzov

Monument | 1961 | Gabrovo, Bulgaria

Monument to the Fallen in Combat Against Fascism

Monument | 1953 | Čortanovci, Serbia

Monument to the Kosmaj Partisan Unit

Monument | 1971 | Mount Kosmaj, Serbia

Monument to the Soviet Army

Monument | 1954 | Sofia, Bulgaria

Monument to the Three Generations of Fighters for Freedom

Monument | 1976 | Perishtitsa, Bulgaria

MTT – Maribor Textile Factory

Infrastructure | 1946 | Maribor, Slovenia

Museum of Aviation in Belgrade

Building | 1989 | Belgrade, Serbia

National Printing Institution of Yugoslavia

Building | 1940 | Belgrade , Serbia

Neoptolemos and Maria Michaelides’ House

Building | 1966 | Nicosia, Cyprus

Nicosia International Airport

Infrastructure | 1930 | Nicosia, Cyprus

Nuclear Power Plant Zwentendorf

Infrastructure | 1978 | Zwentendorf, Austria

Old Fairground

Building | 1937 | Belgrade, Serbia

Pantheon Mother Bulgaria

Monument | 1985 | Gurgulyat, Bulgaria

Pantheon to the Heroes in the Antifascist Struggle

Monument | 1981 | Burgas, Bulgaria

Parish Church Oberwart (Pfarrkirche Oberwart)

Building | 1969 | Oberwart, Austria

Pfarrkirche Oberbaumgarten

Building | 1965 | Vienna, Austria

Power and Light Thermal Power Plant

Infrastructure | 1931 | Belgrade, Serbia

Rafut Park and Villa

Building | 1909 | Nova Gorica, Slovenia

Remiza Railroad Workshops

Infrastructure | 1918 | Nova Gorica, Slovenia

Residence of Todor Zhivkov

Building | 1977 | Bankya, Bulgaria

Rex Cinema

Building | 1950 | Larnaca, Cyprus

September – Maglizh was the First One

Monument | 1984 | Maglizh, Bulgaria

SILO

Infrastructure | 1980s | Pafos, Cyprus

SODAP Wine Factory

Infrastructure | 1947 | Limassol, Cyprus

SOPAZ

Infrastructure | 1973 | Nicosia, Cyprus

Spa in Houšťka

Building | 1917 | Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav, Czech Republic

Stjepan Filipović Monument

Monument | 1960 | Valjevo, Serbia

Strahov Stadium

Building | 1926 | Prague, Czech Republic

The Banner of Peace Monument

Monument | 1979 | Sofia, Bulgaria

The Heimkehrer-Gedächtnismal

Monument | 1948 | Vienna, Austria

The House of Zena Kanther

Building | 1960 | Prodromos, Cyprus

The Ledra Palace Hotel

Building | 1947 | Nicosia, Cyprus

The Metro Vent at Smíchov Rail Station

InfrastructureMonument | 1977 | Prague, Czech Republic

The Monument to the Illegal Printing Presses of the Party

Monument | 1982 | Belgrade, Serbia

The Stone Bouquet Monument

Monument | 1975 | Topola, Serbia

The Unfinished Central Part of the City of Shumen

Public Space | 1988 | Shumen, Bulgaria

Tito’s blue train locomotive

Monument | 1982 | Belgrade, Serbia

Tobacco Warehouses

Infrastructure | 1870 | Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Transgas

Infrastructure | 1976 | Prague, Czech Republic

U Stýblů Palace

Building | 1927 | Prague, Czech Republic

United Europe Fountain

Monument | 1981 | Prague, Czech Republic

Universitätszentrum Althanstrasse

Building | 1986 | Vienna, Austria

Western City Gate

Building | 1979 | Belgrade, Serbia

Wohnpark Alterlaa

Building | 1985 | Vienna, Austria

Worker’s University in Novi Sad

Building | 1966 | Novi Sad, Serbia

Yiorkio Residence

Building | 1997 | Nicosia, Cyprus

Zygi Carob Factories and Storages

Infrastructure | 1945 | Zygi, Cyprus