Ljubljana Pioneer Railway

InterventionLjubljana, Slovenia

Nonument Group: MoTA

The Nonument Group's next action will take place in Ljubljana on the locations of the former Pioneer Railroad that operated between 1948 and 1954. On 25 May 2019, an artistic intervention will revive the children's railway that almost completely disappeared from the city and public memory.

The idea for children’s railways, or pioneer railways as they were called at the time, originated in the USSR and spread quickly over the Eastern Bloc, from China to Cuba. Children’s railways are fully operational smaller-scale railways that “have a track gauge of at least 600 mm and can carry full size narrow gauge rolling stock.” They are a peculiar kind of extracurricular institutions: children perform all the jobs, except for the train driving, under the supervision of adult railway workers.

Although most children’s railways closed down after the collapse of the Soviet Union, some of them never ceased to operate. The Budapest children’s railway (opened in 1948) is still very popular today and was only closed for a short period of time after the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 in all its 50 years of existence.

Yugoslavia also embraced the idea of pioneer railways. After those in Belgrade and Zagreb, a third pioneer railway was opened in Ljubljana in 1948. Built by work brigades during the course of a single week in March 1948, the railway connected the city areas of Rožna dolina, Koseze and Podutik.

The work brigades are building Ljubljana Pioneer railway in March 1948. Photo: courtesy of the Slovenian Railway Museum

Initially, Ljubljana’s Pioneer Railway was very popular, but the public quickly lost interest, so it was finally closed down in 1954. While the rail tracks were removed almost immediately, some of the train stations along the line were standing for many years after the railway ceased to operate, but were mostly left to decay or were repurposed and renovated.

The railway operated by school children was initially very popular, but the public quickly lost interest. Photo: courtesy of the Slovenian Railway Museum

Nevertheless, one can still find some remains along the former children’s railway line. Part of the line is now a bicycle lane connecting Rožna dolina and Koseze, and an eager observer can spot some of the remaining marker stones along the way.

Following extensive research of the pioneer railway in Ljubljana, the Nonument Group will present their artistic intervention on Saturday, 25 May 2019.



Ljubljana Pioneer Railway

Pioneer Railroad


Ljubljana, Slovenia

46.0530028, 14.47034056


Various organisations*


Built in


Modified in